Russia has caused almost $138 billion in damage to Ukraine’s infrastructure – KSE

Such data were made public by the Kyiv School of Economics (KSE) as part of the “Russia will pay” project.

“As of December 2022, the total amount of documented damage to Ukraine’s infrastructure due to the full-scale invasion launched by Russia on February 24, 2022, is estimated at $137.8 billion (at replacement cost),” reads the press release.

The experts note that compared to the latest estimates as of November 2022, the total amount of damage has increased by almost $2 billion. The largest increase in damages is related to the destruction of the housing stock, educational institutions, and objects in the spheres of culture, religion, and sports.

In particular, damages from the destruction of the housing stock are estimated at $54 billion (up $1.5 billion in December). For more than ten months of the war, a total of 149,300 residential buildings were damaged or destroyed, including 131,400 private houses, 17,500 apartment buildings, and 280 dormitories.

The most affected spheres by the war are still infrastructure (damages of $35.6 billion) and industry and enterprise assets (damages of $13 billion).

The amount of damage in the education sphere increased by $400 million in December and is estimated at $8.6 billion. As a result of hostilities, more than 3,000 educational institutions have already been damaged or destroyed, among them: 1,400 — secondary education, 865 — preschool, 505 — higher education.

Damage caused by cultural, sports, and religious objects due to the war increased by another $100 million and is estimated at $2.2 billion. At the end of December 2022, there were 1,327 such facilities: 907 cultural facilities, 168 sports facilities, 157 tourism facilities, and 95 religious facilities.

As reported, the total amount of damage caused by the Russian invasion to the environment is estimated at more than UAH 1.5 trillion.